Thursday, August 27, 2020

Identification of managerial, financial, legal and ethical Essay - 2

ID of administrative, budgetary, legitimate and moral ramifications - Essay Example Whatever lawmaking body that relates to the topic is secured under a lot of work environment Torts. Ineffectual managerial correspondence prompts disappointment and the development of worry inside the association. A significant explanation behind this could be the lawful guideline of â€Å"Respondeat Superior† which puts the duty of the exercises of the representative on the predominant or the administrator. Hence, the senior †junior relationship is continually stressed and is one of interminable examination as opposed to warmth or friendship. At one outrageous of this we have the inclination among some in capacity to manhandle their situation through dangers, misuse, terrorizing and retaliatory release, which are all reason for legitimate activity. With an end goal to diminish the likelihood of unfair release, a few states, for example, Connecticut, Montana, Maine and Michigan have established enactment that shields workers from terminations that are seen as subjective and impulsive (Pozgar and Santucci, 2007). At the opposite end, the representatives themselves ought to morally hold fast to an exacting implicit rules that regards understanding explicit and office explicit data. Likewise, the court articulated a corporate carelessness principle in 1965 under the Darling Vs Charleston Community Memorial Hospital which expressed unmistakably that a clinic has the obligation to give a sufficiently prepared clinical and nursing staff. Lawful sculptures and working environment torts necessitate that businesses must impart unmistakably to forthcoming representatives that their work is freely and can be fired whenever by either the business or the worker. This will urge the representative to work appropriately just as clear any misguided judgments that may emerge later. Lately in any case, the standard that work for an uncertain term is limited by the business at whatever point and for whatever cause he picks

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Reward Based Learning on Depression-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Disucss about the Impact of remuneration put together learning with respect to wretchedness. Answer: Presentation Anhedonia is the loss of enthusiasm for remuneration and joy during sadness and has been found to associate with useless prize reactions across numerous conduct assignments (4). Such undertakings measure various parts of anhedonia including, the expectation and receipt of money related prizes, the push to accomplish rewards and prize learning Anhedonia is one of the significant types of the significant burdensome issue. It is a type of confusion where the patients lose their enthusiasm for the recently compensated or the exercises that were delighted in by them (Zisner Beauchaine, 2016). The people who are experiencing the clinical type of sadness frequently observed to lose enthusiasm for their side interests, work, peer gatherings, family, food and even sex (Zisner Beauchaine, 2016). The confusion closes the delight circuits of the cerebrum. A few analysts watch this wonder as the decadent capacity for the aggregate sum of the joy that is feasible for picking up from the single movement (Zisner Beauchaine, 2016). Be that as it may, despondency appears to lessen the indulgent limit of the person. The illness of Anhedonia alludes to the diminished type of the capacity that can be knowledgeable about case to look for joy (Ianni et al., 2016). It has a compelling type of spot in the few types of qualities of psychopathology since it has been portrayed first by the earlier century and still they can be highlight of the few sorts of the mental issue that can lead o the maladaptive type of practices (Votinov et al., 2025). Anhedonia has been a piece of the most extensity considered type of the significant gloom. Nonetheless, it likewise adds to one of the negative type of the side effects for schizophrenia and different investigations have watched Anhedonia as a type of the psychosis (McGorry, 2014). Nonetheless, this psychological issue has been concentrated in the enormous scope of the nuerophychiatric issue that incorporates the Parkinsons malady, Bulimia Nervosa, Substance use issue and the different types of the practices that are unsafe (Ianni et al., 2016). By the by, Anhedonia is considered to the principle highlight of the significant burdensome issue as presented by the fourth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the Mental Disorders that requires either the discouraged type of the mind-set or the Anhedonia to be available to propose the present finding (Votinov et al., 2025).. Additionally, it has been utilized for the absence of the reactivity and Anhedoia is the significant models for conclusion for the DSM IV melancholic type of the subtype of the significant burdensome and its quality have demonstrated to be the prescient type of the reaction that are increased through the antidepressants (Sayegh Penberthy, 2016). Nonappearance in the explicitness of the determination can be viewed as the constraining type of the factor that has been actualized for characterizing Anhedonia as the essential element of the significant burdensome issue. The significant improvement of the idea of endophenotype can be useful for surpassing the cutoff points dependent on the three ideas (Sayegh Penberthy, 2016). The patients who are experiencing any mental issue can be unexpected more in the quantitative ascribe in comparison to the subjective trait from the sound people. In addition, the disarranges that are identified can be all the more broadly comprehended if there are any type of the hazard factors that are identified with the qualities and the condition that can be identified with the clutters that are acquired through the moderate type of phenotypes (Sayegh Penberthy, 2016). In conclusion, endophenotypes are commonly vague and they depend on the strange neurobiological systems that are shared by the different issue that are mental. The endophenotypes that are associated with the more straightforward type of the neurobiological and the neuropsychological types of the illnesses that could assist with finding the connection between the potential type of the connection with the potential type of the potential dangers that are all the more legitimately identified with the significant type of the downturn (Sayegh Penberthy, 2016). There are various types of the characteristics that are required for the characteristics for utilizing the quality for the endophnotype, that incorporates the affectability and particularity, heritability, nearness in unaffected family members, state-freedom, natural believability, sound psychometric properties, and possibility. Anhedonia is the loss of enthusiasm for remuneration and delight during wretchedness and has been found to relate with broken prize reactions across numerous social assignments. Such assignments measure various parts of anhedonia including, the expectation and receipt of money related prizes, the push to accomplish rewards and prize learning. In any case, the downturn may not be closed down from the delight circuits completely (Luking Barch, 2013). The elective type of the hypothesis additionally proposes that anhedonia doesn't originate from the decreased type of the ability to encounter delight, rather they emerges from the shakiness for continuing the nice sentiments over a more drawn out period (Luking Barch, 2013). At the end of the day, it tends to be said that the patients by one way or another can't encounter joy completely and by encountering delight, halfway it gets difficult to continue the intrigue and the contribution of the few beneficial things throughout everyday life (Luking Barch, 2013). If there should arise an occurrence of the pathways to the delight, the geographic designs of the cerebrum are unpredictable (Pellissier et al., 2017). The zones that are related with the prize and the inspiration incorporate the expansion of the core accumbens and the prefrontal cortex (Pellissier et al., 2017). It is clear that the nerve drive goes to both the bearings for keeping up the prizes and the inspiration (Pellissier et al., 2017). This marvel is the inclination acceptable signs that movements to the upper degree of the prefrontal cortex, however the nerve strands additionally imparts their signs from the prefrontal and furthermore imparts the sign downwards to the core accumbens (Haber Behrens, 2014). A portion of the confirmations propose that the signs of the ordinary mind goes downwards to the prefrontal cortex and to the core astuteness that may continue the enthusiasm of the in a truly pleasurable movement (Haber Behrens, 2014). In any case, if this wonder can be summed up that it very well may be built up from the way that the mind that is discouraged can be experiencing difficulty in utilization o the PFC and to support the NA movement over some stretch of time (Haber Behrens, 2014). Notwithstanding, in todays world, Aaron Heller and his associates at the University of the Wisconsin and the University of the Reading have distributed their work that have their attention on the above marvel (Ianni et al., 2016). They have detailed in their diary Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciencesabout the new scope of the practical attractive reverberation investigations of the initiation examples of the mind of the discouraged and the non-discouraged patients (Votinov et al., 2025). The individuals who took a gander at the charming and the undesirable structure of the neural pictures over a time of thirty seven minutes, in any case, the volunteers were not in the least inactive (Votinov et al., 2025). They were made to have the cognizant type of the endeavors that can be compelling in the upgrade of the temperament of the image that is created and that whether they are glad tragic or especially aloof. The investigation features some central point of understanding (Sayegh Penberthy, 2016). Right off the bat, if there should be an occurrence of the pictures that are sure, can't be supported from the typical mind regardless of how much the individual attempt (Ianni et al., 2016). Furthermore, there is maintainability of the movement in the neural acumens and there were related with the diminished type of the action in the prefrontal cortex (McGorry, 2014). Those individuals who were discouraged couldn't support the neural exercises that are accounted for the more negative type of the reactions that are enthusiastic towards the perception of the pleasurable pictures (McGorry, 2014). Thirdly, a significant type of trouble was seen on account of the supporting the movement of the neural sharpness were viably connected with the diminished type of the action of the prefrontal cortex. Fourthly, the patients who were experiencing despondency who are seen to support the neural keenness are accounted for to have a more significant level of the positive feelings in their regular d aily existence (Votinov et al., 2025). Finally, it has been seen that the shortfall in the NA action have their particular relationship with the positive type of the feeling. Foundation The significant types of the burdensome issue are the new type of the determinant that are presented with the incapacity that have ascended to the overall setting (Sayegh Penberthy, 2016). It has been seen that in the commonness of the temperament issue is almost about 20% in the United States (Balasubramani et al., 2015). The psychological issue named as gloom are regularly connected with the weakened type of the prizes and the preparing of the feelings. The exact type of the confirmations underpins proposes that there are a distorted working of the prize circuit of the mind that are determined for the dopaminergic contributions from the ventral type of the striatum (Balasubramani et al., 2015). The dopaminergic contribution of the ventral striatum speaks to the expectation of the prizes mistakes that are the distinction between the accomplished and the anticipated type of the prize (Balasubramani et al., 2015). The prizes prescient mistakes give the systems to adjusting the neural connections in a specific way that can be reliable with the support type of the learning of the calculations. Nonetheless, when there is a result that surpasses the desires for the worth that is normal that are related with the choice that are picked for the that are expanded that can be again picked (Balasubramani et al., 2015). The wonders can take pl

Friday, August 21, 2020

Thurmond, Strom

Thurmond, Strom Thurmond, Strom (James Strom Thurmond) thûr ´m?nd [key], 1902â€"2003, U.S. senator from South Carolina (1954â€"2003), b. Edgefield, S.C. He read law while teaching school (1923â€"29) and was admitted to the bar in 1930. Thurmond was elected (1932) a state senator and became (1938) a circuit-court judge. After serving in World War II, he was elected (1946) governor of South Carolina. In 1948, Thurmond was nominated for president by the States' Rights Democrats ( Dixiecrats ), southerners who bolted the Democratic party in opposition to President Truman 's civil-rights program; he won 39 electoral votes. In 1954 he was a successful write-in candidate for U.S. Senate. In 1957 he staged the longest filibuster in Senate history, speaking for over 24 hours against a civil-rights bill. Thurmond switched from the Democratic to the Republican party in 1964, and later chaired the Senate judiciary (1981â€"87) and armed services (1995â€"99) committees. In 1996 he became the oldest sitting, a nd in 1997 the longest serving, U.S. senator in history (Robert Byrd surpassed him as the latter in 2006). The posthumous revelation in 2003 that he had a daughter in 1925 with an African-American maid and that he and his child had had a warm relationship proved a thought-provoking footnote to his career. See J. Bass and M. Thompson, Ol' Strom (1999); J. Crespino, Strom Thurmond's America (2012). The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies

Monday, May 25, 2020

Impact Of Ethical And Non Ethical Communications - 1800 Words

This paper strives to discuss the impact of ethical and non-ethical communications in business. Topics explored include the brief history of communications in business, ethics in business communications, the impact of social media on business communications, and the importance of ethical business communications to business success. The importance of honesty in communication and its impact on business reputation will also be discussed. Background The history of business communications can be traced back as far as ancient Greece and Rome. The roots of business writing can be traced to the letter writing styles they used, with their adaptation to the audience and conversational tone, though this is thought to be more of a general outline of†¦show more content†¦Businesses communicate externally via written correspondences and advertising, and those advertisements can both influence consumerism and become a part of the zeitgeist itself. Yet, the average consumer must examine advertisements carefully in order to ascertain the truth about a product or service offered. Advertisements can be communicated in such a way that is not fully clear, and often the things they say are not truly what they mean. They can be misleading in order to convince you to buy a product or make use of a service, and they may omit information that could affect your decision making process in whether or not to deal with their organization. It can lead to an environment of skepticism and mistrust. The long-standing question then becomes: at what point does it become unethical, and do people truly care? Where is the line drawn? This is a question that is debated every day, with each new business scandal that hits the media. Laws are debated, rejected, and passed to govern just what is allowed in business communications and what is illegal. Still, business should strive to keep their communications ethical, even without laws governing them, and should consider the impact of their messages both on their business itself and on society in general. Impact of Ethics in Business Communication Business

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Life Of Childrens Life - 1323 Words

â€Å"Mom, I can’t believe you’re eating cookies! We’re going to eat dinner in half an hour!† my mother exclaimed as she walked into the kitchen to find my nana, her mother, snacking before dinner. This was a common scenario at my house. â€Å"Worse than a child,† my mother burst out into laughter, and then continued to stir the pot of pasta cooking on the stove top. My nana was an exceptionally healthy woman for her entire life. The only remotely unhealthy thing about her (if you want to even call it that), is that she lived for dessert. She was the biggest sweet tooth I know, and every day my mom would argue that she can’t eat chocolate cake, snickerdoodle cookies, or fudge brownie ice cream for dinner. Once, when I was about nine years old, we†¦show more content†¦A broken hip and CHF do not bode well together. Since her heart wasn’t strong enough to pump blood to and from her body, recovery from the fall was out of the question. This was the point that I realized that she was dying. Three months after she was diagnosed, my nana, who I loved dearly, was gone. It’s shocking to me how one moment everything can be fine, and suddenly, it isn’t. Two months after my nana passed, my childhood best friend, Francesca, passed away from leukemia at fifteen years old. That was hands down the hardest thing I have ever gone through. Francesca was diagnosed with stage three leukemia the year before and made it through all five rounds of chemotherapy with no problems. The doctors told her to that the medication would slow her down and make her sick, and that she should try not to stay in bed all day, if she felt alright to do so. She told me they were crazy. There was a huge blizzard during her fourth round of chemo. I remember Francesca texting me repeatedly saying how bad she wanted to go sledding. I picked her up, and we spent an hour crafting up sleds from anything we could find around her house: lids from garbage pails and plastic storage bins, a yoga mat, and even a boogie board. We went on a mission to find the largest hill around. C limbing up the hill was a clear struggle for her. We slid down the hill in our makeshift sleds, and when we got to the bottom,Show MoreRelated The Life of Billy Pilgrim in Vonneguts Slaughterhouse-Five or The Childrens Crusade2042 Words   |  9 PagesThe Life of Billy Pilgrim in Vonneguts Slaughterhouse-Five or The Childrens Crusade      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Marked by two world wars and the anxiety that accompanies humanitys knowledge of the ability to destroy itself, the Twentieth Century has produced literature that attempts to depict the plight of the modern man living in a modern waste land. If this sounds dismal and bleak, it is. And that is precisely why the dark humor of Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. shines through our post-modern age. The devastatingRead MoreClass Dismissed By Meredith Maran1029 Words   |  5 PagesMaran discusses that students’ parents should spend more time on getting involved in their children’s education. At first, the author states that if students want to be successful, their parents and schools should play important roles. However, there is a big trouble that parents have different opinion over getting involved in children’s education. Some parents are willing to get involved in their children’s education because they have enough time and sources to do so and th ey actually get rewardRead MoreThe Effects Of Technology On Technology744 Words   |  3 PagesChildren are growing up with all this technology interfering with the childrens childhood and health. Parents should limit screen time for their children two hours a day. Technology is over powering our world today. Parents shouldnt introduce technology to their childrens life quite yet wait until the children are at least three or four years of age. The use of digital device during a young age can interfere with the childs health. If the children are exposed to digital devices when they areRead MoreThe Historical Perspectives and Trends of Childrens Literature1594 Words   |  7 Pages Since the 18th century children’s literature has been held responsible for bringing entertainment to children of all ages across the world. But, when you actually think about it, what is children’s literature? The term seems easy enough to define, it is literature intended for children, but what is the definition of literature? According to Charlotte Huck (2010), literature is an imaginative shaping of life and thought into the forms and structures of language. This, in my opinion, is an excellentRead MoreChildren s Books : An Essential Part Of A Child s Life1105 Words   |  5 Pages Children’s books are an essential part of a child’s life because they enhance the development of language and critical thinking skills. This provides a solid foundation of learning for adolescents that will stick with them forever. Books have the power to alter a child’s life and influence their thoughts and decisions as they grow. It affects a child’s perspective on society and how they fit into it (Hunt, 1998). Literature has significantly changed over time because it tends to reflect theRead MoreClass Dismissed By Meredith Maran1027 Words   |  5 Pagesdevote more time and effort are those who believe that schools and education will improve their chil dren’s chances of success. Most of them benefited from education when they were students. In contrast, parents who do not believe schools and education put less effort into their children’s educations. In addition, the author points out that social background determines how much parents devote to their children’s educations. The inequalities of society determines the unequal help that students get fromRead MoreLiterature for Children in the 19th Century909 Words   |  4 PagesLiterature for children in the 19th century Since the view of childhood changes in the nineteenth century, the potential of children’s literature becomes evident. With the reference to the sources of children’s literature, they can be traced back to alterations in translation and in the literature for adults, where a child or childhood are essential concepts; moreover folk literature is concerned to be a wide source for this literary genre. According to Peter Hunt Children before theRead MoreArt and Music Lessons Positive Effects on Children1158 Words   |  5 PagesMany people in the world think that life would be nonsense without music. Music helps people in several ways and gives a meaning to their lives. For example, music can help someone to make money, relax, spend time, work or study. Furthermore, it mostly helps children to concentrate more. The times that they study while listen to music, helps their brain power to increase over time. The main problem is, most schools are trying to decrease their music classes since their principals think that musicRead MoreThe Importance Of Parental Spanking Of Children1540 Words   |  7 Pageschildren because the parental spanking of children can be harmful to the behavioral and social development of their children. Parental spanking of children is a violent disciplinary technique where a parent hits childrens behinds with an open hand or object in order to deter childrens behavior in a wa y the parents may perceive as negative. I grew up in a home where my parents spanked me and my three younger brothers. I have witnessed parental spanking of children practiced first hand. I have foundRead MoreAdolescence Cognitive Development Essay1669 Words   |  7 Pageswritten by L.E. Berk in 2010 that explores lifespan development. The other article was written by the staff and research team at Lucile Packard Childrens Hospital at Stanford in 2012 that addresses what cognitive development is and the progress of adolescence cognitive development. Cognitive development begins from the moment of birth and continues throughout life. However, this student finds the cognitive abilities are more complex during the adolescent years. Therefore, the issue this paper will address

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

A Comparison Of Freud And Fromm Essay Example For Students

A Comparison Of Freud And Fromm Essay Sigmund Freud was born in Monrovia on May 6,1856. He entered the University of Vienna in 1873 at the age of 17. He finished his degree in 1881. Freud died in England in 1939. He was an active therapist, theorist and writer to the very end. ( Ewen 19-20) Erich Fromm was born four years after Freud in 1900 in Frankfurt, Germany. Unlike Freud, Fromm had no medical training in his background. He received his PHD from the University of Heidelberg and later studied at Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. Erich Fromm died March 16, 1980 in Switzerland. (Ewen 187)While Freud and Fromm were contemporaries and shared some basic beliefs, their approach to most issues varied greatly. Freuds attitude was purely scientific. Fromm desired to humanize things. Fromm accepted the importance of unconscious, biological drives, repression and defense mechanisms, but rejected Freuds theory of id, ego and superego. Fromm did not believe in specific developmental stages. He believed that the growing child slowly learns to distinguish between I and not I, through contact with the environment, notably those involving the parents.(Ewen 194) Fromm contends that personality development continues into adulthood. He believes that if a child keeps up with the increasing feelings of isolation, that anxiety can be kept to a minimal and personality development proceeds normally. Freuds well-known theory is that the personality is determined during the first five years of life. He believes we proceed through a series of psychosexual stages: oral, anal, urethral, phallic, a latency period and genital. Freud contends that the genital stage is the goal of normal development and that it represents true maturity. ( Hansen 25-26)Fromm warns against pathogenic beha vior because it can damage the childs sense of reliance. He believed healthy personality is illustrated by biophilia, love, creativity and reason. ( Ewen 195-196) These characteristics compromise the productive frame of orientation. The nonproductive frames include narcissism, necrophilia, dependence, compulsive strivings for power or wealth and the mechanisms of escape. Fromm had four other nonproductive orientations that he devoted a great deal of attention to. These were receptive, exploitative, hoarding and marketing. Three of these orientations can be loosely compared to Freuds oral-dependent, oral-sadistic and anal character without the sexual implications. Freud and Fromm both believed that dreams are the royal road to the unconscious. ( Ewen 198) Fromm agreed with Freud that dreams could serve the purpose of wish fulfillment, that the days events set them off, and that a person may conceal truths in different ways. While both men believed in dream symbols, Freud believed most dreams involved childhood sexual impulses and Fromm regarded many symbols as asexual. Fromm believed that dreams could have obvious and undisguised meanings that did not have to involve childhood conflicts. To understand Fromms approach to clinical diagnosis, his theory of character must first be understood. His theory of character development was that humans are distinguished from other animals by a larger neocortex with fewer instincts. Character shapes human instinct. Human survival is not merely a matter of physical survival, humans are social animals who must relate to others, and they are spiritual animals who must infuse their lives with meaning in order to function. Humans require a sense of hope to keep from turning off. They also require caring adults in the early years to be teachers that teach them to control their fears and passions and live in harmony with others. Religion both sacred and secular can give meaning to life and give a sense of identity and rootness. Fromm accepted Freuds definition of mental health saying that it is the capacity for love and productive work. Fromm also agreed with Freud in saying that psychopathology represents a difference in degree, rather than in kind. Fromm states that besides pathogenic behaviors that neurosis is often caused by the culture in which one lives. He says that neurosis consists of a conflict between two opposing forces. Which is when our healthy innate drives toward self-realization and independence are blocked by parental or societal influences. Freud states that neurosis invariably begins in infancy and childhood, however it may not become evident until much later in life. Some causes of neurosis is a lack of physical affection, overindulgence or too much frustration during a psychosexual stage will result in harmful fixations, or a child may suffer from traumatic events. .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 , .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 .postImageUrl , .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 , .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6:hover , .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6:visited , .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6:active { border:0!important; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6:active , .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6 .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub0bb4faa588062397fe633846eb4b9b6:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Who Discoverd America EssayFreud and Fromm both shared the conviction that the truth will set man free, ( but Fromm moves in a different direction from Freuds emphasis on psychoanalysis as a process that patiently uncovers and interrupts resistance in order to regain lost memories. Both Freud and Fromm defined psychoanalysis as the art of making the unconscious conscious, both recognize that we resist knowing the truth and that resistances must be overcome. Their views of resistance vary however. Fromm believed repression is a constantly recurring process. He believed a person resists perceiving and knowing out of fear of seeing more than society allows or because the truth would force one to experience ones irrationality or powerlessness. Freud defined resistance more narrowly. He described it as repressed, unconscious wishes to maintain infantile sexual fantasies, and the childhood fear of being punished because of ones libidinal impulses, act as resistance to memory. These repressions cause neurotic patterns. Freud believed the key to analyzing and overcoming resistance is transference. The patient transfers desire and fear onto the analyst who becomes a substitute for figures of the past. Resistance will be overcome only if the acting out within analysis is interpreted and transformed into memories which can be worked through and reintegrated into a more mature psyche. Fromm proposed a broader concept of transference. He believed the analyst represents infantile authority, like the mother who solves all of her childs problems or the father who is never satisfied with his sons accomplishments. Instead of facing reality independently the patient continues to transfer interpersonal struggles and wishes. Fromms approach tended to strengthen this type of transference and with it the patients resistance to remembering. Freuds approach to technique could be more democratic than Fromms, especially since Freud did not try to force fit the patient into a formula. Freud did advocate rules in the doctor-patient relationship, in part to protect himself. Freud did not like to be stared at all day; thus the patient lies on a couch and cannot see the analyst. Fromm on the other hand liked the humanistic face to face encounter. Sometimes his piercing eyes would freeze the patient and his intensity could provoke defensive reactions. Freud saw the analyst as a professional with technical training who should have a love of truth, a broad education in the arts and sciences, and knowledge of his own unconscious. Another subject that Fromm and Freud had different opinions on was religion. Fromm has been described as deeply religious, but still not believing in God. His childhood included a strong Jewish influence, but he rejected it because he wanted no part of organized religion. The most important aspect of religion for Fromm personally was the hope it offered. He praised loving thy neighbor as thyself as the most important standard for living.( Ewen 202) Fromm did contend that religion could have harmful effects. He felt religious organizations prohibition of birth control, could stifle healthy growth and development. He did not like the idea of so many different religions preaching different beliefs. He preferred to emphasize the commonness of all humanity. Freud regarded religious beliefs to be extremely harmful to the individual and society. He viewed religion as a regression to infancy, when a helpless baby needed protection of an all-powerful parent.( Ewen 60) He hated religious ideas such as life continues after death and that all good is r